Jamal Uddin:- The island of Taiwan is historically an inalienable part of China. Never has Taiwan been a sovereign state in recorded history. The island is referred to as the Taiwan Province in the constitution of the People’s Republic of China. As the preceding republic, China has inherently owned the province in accordance with its pre-1949 boundaries.
In line with the provisions of international law and regulations, the Chinese claim over Taiwan is bonafide and legitimate. The world has also recognized that the island is an inseparable part of China. The United Nations (UN) has adopted a resolution to accept the legitimate claim of China over Taiwan.
On October 25, 1971, the 26th session of the UN General Assembly passed Resolution No. 2758. The resolution announced in the clear and definite language that Taiwan is part of the People’s Republic of China. The UN General Assembly recognizes that the representative of the Government of the People’s Republic of China is the sole legal representative of China in the United Nations and that the People’s Republic of China is one of the permanent members of the UN Security Council, and decides to restore all rights to the People’s Republic of China and recognize the representatives of its government as the sole legal representatives of China in the United Nations Organization.
On July 23, 2007, then secretary-general of the UN Ban Ki-moon rejected Taiwan’s membership bid to “join the UN under the name of Taiwan”, citing Resolution 2758 as acknowledging that Taiwan is part of China. The UN is an international organization composed of sovereign states. Taiwan as a province of China is completely not qualified and has no right to participate in the global body.
Alongside the UN resolution, the United States, in three Joint US-China Communiqués, has also acknowledged that all Chinese on either side of the Taiwan Strait maintain there is but one China and that Taiwan is a part of China. The US Government attaches great
The US Government attaches great importance to its relations with China and reiterates that it has no intention of infringing on Chinese sovereignty and territorial integrity, or interfering in China’s internal affairs, or pursuing a policy of ‘two Chinas’ or ‘one China, one Taiwan.
However, the successive US administrations have continued maintaining informal and unofficial relations with the Taiwan authorities eating their own words given to China. Because the US wants to contain the rise of China using the authorities of Taiwan. Under the auspices of the superpower, the authorities have also kept their diplomatic efforts to get recognition as a sovereign territory from different countries. Even they are trying to cash in on the pandemic to get into some international organizations and agencies.
In a counter move, China seems to have taken the Taiwan issue as the bottom line of its diplomacy. Because China has no option for compromising on the issue of its territorial integrity and sovereignty. China, therefore, builds cooperation with a country on the basis of the understanding of the bottom line– the Taiwan issue.
As a result, every friend and partner of China always remains very cautious and sincere when it comes to dealing with Taiwan. They always respect this bottom line of Chinese diplomacy. However, a few numbers of countries tried to have a foot in both the camps, maintaining deep relations with China and simultaneously colluding with Taiwan, in the past. The two-faced countries finally failed to remain in the good books of China, let alone to be its true and trusted friends.
In the changing circumstances of the polarized world, Taiwan has been the litmus test for becoming a true and sincere friend of China over the years. Even the ranges of partnership with China widely vary from country to country depending on the test. The global circumstances have left China with no option but to make Taiwan a more serious issue when it comes to building.Under the prudent leadership of Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, Bangladesh has elevated its relations with China to a strategic partnership. People of Bangladesh expect to reap the most dividends of the elevated ties with China. The people have a firm belief that Bangladesh will never derail from the path of development as long as Sheikh Hasina runs the country.